Abdominal distension, often referred to as ”bloating”, and excessive flatulence are common symptoms of functional bowel disorders. Especially infants can be irritated by the abdominal pain associated with an excess of gas in the digestive tract.
Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (Copd)
COPD is characterised by a progressive obstruction of the airways interfering with normal breathing. COPD is often associated with exacerbations, or periodic worsening of symptoms reflecting an acute deterioration in lung mechanics and inflammation of the airways, in connection with a viral or bacterial infection.
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory tract infections are divided into upper or lower respiratory tract infections. Upper respiratory tract infections are rarely serious. They include e.g. rhinitis (common cold), sinusitis, sore throat, ear infections and laryngitis. Lower respiratory tract infections are usually more serious. They affect the breathing tubes (trachea and bronchi) and the lungs. Bronchitis, acute bronchiolitis and pneumonia are all types of lower respiratory tract infections.
Lower Urinary Tract Infections
Lower urinary tract infection (UTI), or cystitis, is a bacterial infection and associated with pain, discomfort or a burning sensation during urination, unusually frequent urination during the day, cloudy, foul or unusually strong smelling urine with sometimes blood in the urine.
Chronic venous Insufficiency
Chronic venous insufficiency (CVI) comprises a broad spectrum of conditions ranging from venous symptoms (without visible varicose veins), to varicose veins and leg ulcers. CVI is associated with heavy legs, pain, cramps, itching, swelling and parestesia.
Diabetic retinopathy is a microvascular complication of diabetes and its prevalence increases with the duration of diabetes. Diabetic retinopathy is associated with diabetic macular oedema, which is considered as the principal cause of vision loss in persons with diabetes. Independent of gender, diabetic retinopathy is the leading cause of blindness in working-aged persons.
Haemorrhoids, also called piles, are enlarged, engorged and inflamed veins in or around the rectum and anus. Haemorrhoids can be inside and/or outside the anus. They are not dangerous. Symptoms of haemorrhoids include bright red blood from the anus on toilet paper, itching around the anus, pain and discomfort during and after bowel movement and one or several tender lumps near the anus.